The Government of India under National Education Policy of 1986 (as updated in 1992) and the Programme of Action 1992 reaffirm national commitment to universalisation of elementary education (means education upto class eighth). Para 5.12 of NPE resolves that free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality should be provided to all children upto 14 years of age before we enter the 21st century.
Keeping above in view, a World Bank assisted project called Basic Education Project had been undertaken in 1993, for expansion of quality basic education in the state. For smooth running of this project, a society "Uttar Pradesh Sabhee Ke Liye Shiksha Pariyojana Parishad (U.P. Education for all Project Board) has been established on 17 May, 1993 under Societies Registration Act of 1860. It s objectives are-
The Parishad shall act as an autonomous and independent body for implementation of the Uttar Pradesh Education For All Project (Hereinafter referred to as "the Project") as outlined in the Project Document published by the Government of Uttar Pradesh and its revised version that may be prepared on the basis of review from time to time. The activities of the Parishad will be concentrated in selected districts, but may extend to the whole State of U.P. in respect of selected and sponsored projects. The Parishad has been established to function as a societal mission for bringing about a fundamental change in the basic education system, and through it in the overall socio-cultural situation. The following specific objectives of the Project would be pursued by the Parishad.
- Universalisation of Primary Education, viewed as a composite programme of (i) access to primary education for all children up to 14 years of age; (ii) universal participation till they complete the primary stage through formal or non-formal education programmes; and (iii) universal achievement atleast of the minimum levels of learning.
- Provision of continuing education and skill development programmes for youth.
- Making suggestions for greater gender equality in education and female empowerment.
- Making necessary intervention to provide equal educational opportunity to children belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the poorest sections of society.
- Laying special emphasis on all educational activities on culture and communication; science and environment and inculcation of a sense of social justice.
Basic Education Project started in 1993 covered 17 districts. The project was completed in 2000. The District Primary Education Programme-II was started in 1997 in 22 districts of the state which ended in 2003. Moreover, DPEP-III was started in 32 districts of the state in 2000 and has ended on 31 March, 2006.
Janshala project was implemented in district Lucknow during 2000-2003.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was started in the state in 16 districts in 2001-2002 and now covers all 70 districts of the state. U.P. Education for All Project Board
Executive Committee: The affairs of the Board shall be adminstered, subject to the Rules and Regulations and orders of the Parishad, by an Executive Committee, which shall consist of the following-
| (i) || Chief Secretary, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow.|| Chairman Ex-officio |
| (ii) || Principal Secretary/Secretary, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, Department of Education, Lucknow.|| Vice-Chairman Ex-officio |
| (iii) || Principal Secretary/Secretary or his nominee. Govt. Of Uttar Pradesh, Department Of Finance, Lucknow.|| Member Ex-officio|
| (iv) || Secretary, Govt. Of Uttar Pradesh, Deptt. of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Lucknow.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (v) || Principal Secretary / Secretary, Govt. of U.P. , Deptt. of Planning, Lucknow.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (vi) || Director of Education, Basic, U.P., Lucknow.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (vii) || Director of Secondary Education, U.P.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (viii) || Director, State Council of Educational Research and Training U.P.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (ix) || Director, Urdu and Oriental Languages, U.P.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (x) || Director State Institute of Educational Management and Training , U.P.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (xi) || Director of Women and Child Development, Uttar Pradesh.|| Member Ex-officio |
| (xii) || Two heads of District task force from amongst selected districts by rotation, to be nominated by the Chairman.|| Members |
| (xiii)|| Two heads of District Committees from amongst selected districts by rotations, to be nominated by the Chairman.|| Members |
| (xiv) || Three nominees of the Central Government.|| Members |
| (xv) || Two Directors/representatives of State level academic and technical resources support agencies to be nominated by the State Government.|| Members |
| (xvi) || Two educationists known for their experience and interest in basic education, one each to be nominated by the State Government and the Central Government.|| Members |
| (xvii) || Two women with experience and interest in women's development and education, one each to be nominated by the Central Government and State Government. || Members |
| (xviii) || Two persons from Voluntary Agencies Members who have distinguished themselves for work among Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, one each to be nominated by the Central Government and State Government. ||Members |
| (xix) || State Project Director of the Board|| Member Secretary Ex-officio |
The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan intend to achieve the goal of universal elementary education by creating a sustainable and decentralized educational management system and bringing in community participation in all processes of the programme. This being an ambitious challenge for a major social sector development programme in the State whereby decentralization and community participation are being practiced on a large scale.
As a response to this enormous task, UP EFAPB has evolved a management structure with a high degree of flexibility in administrative functioning, with mechanisms to establish accountability, provide for smooth flow of financial inputs and above all create a space to experiment with innovative methods & models. In a vast State like Uttar Pradesh with regional variations, the emphasis has been on contextuality, local needs and decentralized planning and the SSA programme provides the administrative/ managerial flexibility to accommodate local needs.