In National Education Policy. 1986, special emphasis has been given on :

Giving pre-eminence to people's involvement, including association of non-governmental agencies and voluntary efforts,
Inducting more women in the planning and management of education.
Establishing the principles of accountability in relation to given objectives and norms.

Village Education Committees, Mother/Parents-Teacher Associations and Women Motivator Groups. (Illustrations 1 to 3). These are the grass root level bodies which play a pivotal role in enlisting community participation for education and bringing the community and schools closer to establish an interactive and effective school management system. These bodies are expected to assume leadership to inspire and influence community thinking and guide their decisions in favour of their children, particularly girls. These organisations are also envisaged to motivate the spirit of community ownership of schools and the education system to the extent of mobilising community resources for school improvement. There are about 55000 village education committees, 6768 Mother/Parents Teachers Associations and 3621 Women Motivator Groups which have been sensitized and activated under the Education Projects.

Thrust Areas:

The Strategy of the state is to encourage partnership with the community and voluntary Agencies. Thus a synergetic government-community partnership would be built to achieve the objective of Universalisation of Elementary Education. Specifically, the following would be encouraged :

To make more collaborative efforts with the community and Voluntary Agencies.
To improve functioning of Government schools in partnership with willing community partners, within the broad parameters of the state policy.
To focus attention within the community, especially on women for raising awareness relating to girl's education. Efforts be made to ensure peer pressure on guardians for girl's education.
To encourage greater participation of women in structures like the Village Education Committees, Parent Teacher Associations, Women Motivator Groups.


To improve quality of education


These details clearly lead to an environment where state and community both are equal partners in the spread and quality of elementary education. The influence of local community is critical to grass root capacity building for universalisation of elementary education. In Uttar Pradesh, 3 types of community based organisations are in function -
Role Of Community
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